What is Trademark Registration in India?

Trademark registration in India is intellectual property protection over a name, symbol, figure, letter, word, logo, number, phrase, picture, packaging, slogan, devices, shape, configurations, patterns, ornamentation, color combinations, containers for goods, or any combination of these.

Trademark registration in India is mostly on a first come-first-serve basis. Hence, registering your trademark at the earliest is always considered prudent so that no one can register your trademark and claim its use besides you.

How much does it cost to get a Trademark Registration in India?

Trademark in India

A Trademark in India is a distinctive sign capable of distinguishing the goods and services of one business from that of another.

A trademark/logo is a distinctive sign which identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or an enterprise. The function of a trade mark is to distinguish the goods and/or services of one source from the goods and/or services of another source in the same sector.

A business adopts trademarks not only to identify and distinguish their goods and services from others but also to imply their source of origin as being from that business.

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Requirements for filing an application for Trademark Registration in India:

  • Name, address, and nationality as well as the type of applicant. Different fee applies if the applicant is an individual, group of individuals, a partnership firm or a company.
  • A list of goods and/or services for which the mark is to be used.
  • The image of the mark in PDF/JPG format.
  • If the mark contains or consists of non-English words, a translation of those words into English is required.
  • Details of an earlier filed application in foreign country if priority is to be claimed.
  • Affidavit mentioning the date of first use of the trademark in India, if an earlier usage is claimed.
  • Power of attorney form signed by the applicant.

Do note that:
A claim of earlier usage must be filed along with the application, failure to do so would result in the claim deemed to be fresh.

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Attorney fee for handling a Trademark Registration in India

Action based fee

  • Attorney fee for preparing and filing a Trademark application in India
  • Additional fee for responding to office actions
  • Additional fee for preparing evidences and arguments
  • Additional fee for attending hearings with the examiner

Capped Flat fee

  • Attorney fee for preparing and filing a Trademark application in India
  • No further fee for responding to office actions
  • No further fee for preparing evidences and arguments
  • No further fee for attending hearings with the examiner
Click here: Fee for INDIAN applicants in Rupees.

Official fee for Trademark Registration in India

The official filing fee for ONE mark in ONE class is:

Applicant TypeIndian RupeesUS Dollars
Individual/Start-Up Firm450075
Large Firm/Foreign Firm9000150

Advantages of obtaining trademark registration in India

Trademark Registration in India provides:

  • Prima-facie evidence of ownership of the trademark.
  • An important asset for your business or company and contributes to the goodwill generated.
  • Gives you stronger enforceable rights to prevent others from using the trademark in connection with the goods or services for which it is registered.
  • Trademarks can be sold, licensed, or assigned.
  • Registration usually covers the whole of India.

Trademark rights may be acquired for both registered and unregistered trademarks. A trademark does not need to be registered to benefit from the protection and rights afforded under the Act and the common law.

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And more benefits of registration are

Notwithstanding the foregoing, trademark registration provides several additional benefits over and above those attached to unregistered trademarks, including providing:

  • Exclusivity to the trademark across all of India rather than to the geographical scope of a trademark’s reputation.
  • The basis for filing a trademark in another Convention country.
  • The basis for the ground of opposition against a third party in opposition proceedings to prevent a third-party trade-mark application from proceeding to registration.
  • The basis for a trade-mark infringement action in India.
  • The basis for alerting others of your rights in the context of trademark availability searches, as all trade-mark applications and registrations are entered on the Trademark Registry.
  • The basis for determining rights in a licensing regime; and
  • The basis for the valuation of trademarks.

Registering a trademark has its own advantages of gaining exclusive legal rights on your trademark and accords better protection of your mark. It is the first step in establishing your own brand.

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Absolute and relative grounds for refusal of a Trademark registration in India

  • The refusal is often under Section 9(1) (a) of the Trade Marks Act 1999, if the mark is descriptive or non-distinctive as such that it is not capable of distinguishing the goods and services of one business from others, or is something that indicates kind, quality, quantity, intended purpose, values, geographical origin of the product.
  • The refusal is also often under Section 11 (1) of the Trade Marks Act, 1999, if the mark is identical with or similar to earlier marks in respect of identical or similar goods and services, and due to this there exists a likelihood of confusion on the part of the public.

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Why should I get a trademark registration in India?

Filing a trademark in India can offer several benefits for individuals and businesses, including:

  1. Legal protection: Filing a trademark in India can provide legal protection for your brand name, logo, or other distinctive signs, preventing others from using identical or similar marks in relation to similar goods or services. This can help you safeguard your brand identity and reputation, and prevent others from exploiting your brand.
  2. Access to a large market: India is a large and rapidly developing market, with a population of over 1.3 billion people. By filing a trademark in India, you can gain access to this market and potentially secure a competitive advantage over others who have not filed trademarks in India.
  3. International recognition: Filing a trademark in India can provide international recognition for your brand, as India is a signatory to several international treaties and agreements related to trademark protection. This can help you protect your brand not only in India but also in other countries around the world.
  4. Brand value: Filing a trademark in India can help enhance the value of your brand and increase its commercial appeal, making it easier to attract customers, investors, and partners.
  5. Government support: The Indian government has implemented several initiatives and programs to promote innovation and entrepreneurship, including support for trademark filing and prosecution. This can help you access funding, resources, and expertise to further develop and commercialize your brand.

Overall, filing a trademark in India can provide significant benefits for individuals and businesses looking to protect their brand identity and reputation, and gain a competitive edge in the global marketplace.

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